Trip Style: Cultural – Archeological
Peru does not have one climate. Because Peru is close to the equator, the seasons are hardly affected by changes in the state of the sun. However there can be observed some differences between the months November to April and April to November. Due to the very diverse landscape that Peru has, there are several distinct climate zones. The climate depends on the geographical location, altitude and sea currents, so we can divided Peru into three climatic zones:
From Lima: 1h20 min
From Arequipa: 0h45 min
From Puno Juliaca: 0h45 min
From Lima: 21h30
From Arequipa: 16h00
From Puno: 08h00
Cusco is a city in southeastern Peru near the Urubamba Valley of the Andes mountain range. In 1983 the historical capital of the Inca Empire was declared World Heritage Site. Today the city is a jumping-off point for the Inca Trail and famous Inca site Machu Picchu. Cusco got his name in a special way; legend tells that in the 12th century, the sun god Inti looked down on the earth and decided that people needed organizing, so he created the first Inca, Manco Cápac, and his sister-wife, Mama ocllo. They came to life on Isla del Sol (Sun Island), way over in Lake Titicaca, with a long walk ahead of them. Inti gave Manco Cápac a golden rod and told him to settle in the spot where he could plug it into the ground until it disappeard: this would be the navel of the eart, Qosq´o in the Quechua language, Cusco.
The Sacred Valley of the Incas or the Urubamba Valley is a valley in the Andes of Peru, close to the Inca capital of Cusco and the ancient city of Machu Picchu. The valley was formed by the Urubamba River. The star attractions are the lofty Inca citadels of Pisac and Ollantaytambo. Pisac is known for its craft market, by far the biggest in the region. You can visit the market daily but the official market days are on Tuesday, Thursday and Sunday. Ollantaytambo is an Inca archeaological site and dominated by two Inca ruins.
Machu Picchu is a 15th century Inca site located 2.430 meters above sealevel. It is also called ¨Lost city of the Incas¨ and declared by the UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1983. Machu Picchu was built in the classical Inca style, with polished dry-stone walls. In 2007 Machu Picchu was voted one of the ¨New Seven Wonders of the World¨.
Puno is located on the shores of Lake Titicaca and the mountains surrounding the city. The city is known as a jumping-off point for Lake Titicaca tours. Puno is Peru´s folkloric capital due to its wealth of artistic and cultural expressions, particularly dance.
Lake Titicaca is a lake on the border of Peru and Bolivia and also the largest lake of South America. It is notable for a population of people, who are living on the 42 self-fashioned floating islands called Uros. These islands are definitely worth visiting as well as the island Taquile.
Boat excursion to Uros and Taquile Islands on Lake Titikaka. This full day excursion will take you to the highest navigable lake in the world to the floating islands of the Uros Indians, man-made islands by tying totora reeds. The Uros considered themselves Lords of the Lake; they hunt wild birds and maintain traditional fishing methods. The men have developed an extraordinary skill in weaving reeds; producing houses, boats and handicrafts, and the women are expert knitters. Continuing to Taquile where a native community of about 400 families still lives with the traditions and high principals of the Incas. Taquile is a very important site on Lake Titikaka for its archeological remains, the sacred and ceremonial sites, the festive activities and their rituals. Taquile is characterized by its friendly inhabitants, who maintain their customs and traditional clothing. They distinguish themselves by their detailed, fine, and colorful textiles with symmetrical decorations and symbols that reflect their way of life and Andean beliefs. Lunch is included.